The subak system is an ancient and complex system of Water irrigation in bali, indonesia.
Subak system is an example of a sustainable and resilient agrarian system that has been able to adapt to the challenges of changing weather patterns and population growth, which have placed pressure on the island's water resources.
Subak is a traditional agricultural organization that has played an important role in the history of Bali, Indonesia. The subak system is an ancient and complex system of irrigation and water management that has been used in Bali for centuries.
Subak is an agricultural cooperative that manages the use of water and land for rice cultivation, which is the main crop of the island. It's a system based on Tri Hita Karana, a concept that places emphasis on the harmony between human, god and nature. The Subak system is unique to Bali and was developed over centuries by the Balinese people. It is considered a community-based system that is deeply rooted in Balinese culture, tradition and religion.
The subak system is organized around temples and managed by a council of priests and farmers. The council makes decisions on the distribution of water and the timing of planting and harvesting. The subak system also includes traditional rituals and ceremonies that are performed to ensure the fertility of the land and the success of the crop.
In the past decades, UNESCO recognized this traditional Balinese agriculture system as a World Heritage, as a testimony of the strong relationship and balance between human, culture and nature..